وَ قَضى رَبُّكَ أَلاَّ تَعْبُدُوا إِلاَّ إِيَّاهُ وَ بِالْوالِدَيْنِ إِحْساناً إِمَّا يَبْلُغَنَّ عِنْدَكَ الْكِبَرَ أَحَدُهُما أَوْ كِلاهُما فَلا تَقُلْ لَهُما أُفٍّ وَ لا تَنْهَرْهُما وَ قُلْ لَهُما قَوْلاً كَريما
Your Lord has decreed that you shall not worship anyone except Him, and[ He has enjoined ]kindness to parents. Should they reach old age at your side one of them or both do not say to them,” Fie!” And do not chide them, but speak to them noble words. ( 23 )
وَ اخْفِضْ لَهُما جَناحَ الذُّلِّ مِنَ الرَّحْمَةِ وَ قُلْ رَبِّ ارْحَمْهُما كَما رَبَّياني صَغيراً (24)
Lower the wing of humility to them, out of mercy, and say,” My Lord! Have mercy on them, just as they reared me when I was[ a ]small[ child ]!”( 24 )
No one is ever worthy of being worshipped except Allah, Who has created the whole universe without any partners. He is the Lord and Cherisher of all the creatures, Who maintains and sustains them all. If we foolishly turn to false objects of worship, we not only will be reproached by our conscience and inner self, but we shall have no support to answer our call in our emergency cases.
It is the heart and the secrets of our inner self, and our motives by which God will judge us; and not by the words that we have then on the tip of our tongue.
Then in the second verse( NO. 23 ), we have a very important commandment in which Allah strictly enjoins us to respect our parents, and be kind to them always.
This is particularly when they attain old age with us. We must be careful not to shout at them. Not even utter a word of disgust such as, ” FIE”. We are enjoined to be humble to them and pray to God to have His Mercy on them:
” And lower the wing of humility out of Mercy and say; My Lord! Have Mercy on them, as they nurtured me when I was small.”
Father and mother deserve our humble respect and kindness, because they cherished us in childhood, and always loved us tenderly.
It is, therefore a must, to love them in response.
WORSHIP GOD ALONE, AND RESPECT YOUR PARENT (The two commandments that are issued in the above verses( 22-23 ), are found among the ten commandments for which our Lord made a convenant at the Mount Sinai, with all the children of Israel:
1 – – I am YAHOVAH the Lord your God. Worship no god but Me.
5 – – Respect your Father and Mother.
It is also written in O. T. DEUTERONOMY 27: 16;
” God’s curse on anyone who dishonours his mother or his father.”
And in the O. T. EXODUS 21: 15 we read;
” Whoever hits his mother or his father is to be put to death.”
It is also written in the N. T. COLOSSIANS 3: 2021;
” O, children! It is your Christian duty to obey and respect your parent always, for that is what pleases God.”
So also in N. T. EPHESIANS 6: 14, it is cited;
” O, children! It is your duty to obey your parent, for this is the right thing to do. ( Respect your father and mother )is the first commandment which has a promise added to it;( so that all may go well with you and you may live long in the land )”
source : Commentary(Nimunih), Vol3, Page: 544
DUA: Allah! please accept this from us. You are All-Hearing and All-Knowing. You are The Most Forgiving. You are The Most Relenting and repeatedly Merciful. Allah! grant us The Taufiq to read all the 5 prayers with sincerity.
(Taken from To Be Earnest In Prayers By Amina Elahi)
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